Q & A with Abigail Williamson
Read our full Q&A with Abigail Williamson here.
Online Tools for Teacher Collaboration – TESOL Blog
Read our recent TESOL blog by founder Yefei Jin on tools to support EL teacher collaboration. Article link here.
Reading ESSA Text and How it Applies to ELs
Title I Section 1111
(F) ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY STANDARDS
Each State plan shall demonstrate that the State has adopted English language proficiency standards that (i) are derived from the 4 recognized domains of speaking, listening, reading, and writing; (ii) address the different proficiency levels of English learners; and (iii) are aligned with the challenging State academic standards.
Takeaway: First we know that English Language Proficiency standards must align with rigorous content standards with all assessments fully integrated into Title I.
Title I Section 1111
(3) MINIMUM NUMBER OF STUDENTS.—Each State shall describe— (A) with respect to any provisions under this part that require disaggregation of information by each subgroup of students— (i) the minimum number of students that the State determines are necessary to be included to carry out such requirements and how that number is statistically sound, which shall be the same State-determined number for all students and for each subgroup of students in the State;
Takeaway: Having a minimum # of students for disaggregation purposes signals to states that every student matters. Previously, under NCLB, states created “super-groups”, combining ELs together. Minimum # provision makes it much harder for states to skew data with “super-groups”.
Title I Section 1111
(B) ENGLISH LEARNER SUBGROUP.—With respect to a student previously identified as an English learner and for not more than 4 years after the student ceases to be identified as an English learner, a State may include the results of the student’s assessments under paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) within the English learner subgroup of the subgroups of students (as defined in subsection (c)(2)(D)) for the purposes of the State-determined accountability system.
Takeaway: Previously under NCLB, ELs were no longer considered in the EL subgroup after 2 years. The new change gives educators more time to measure progress for accountability purposes. It also reflects a greater understanding of the developmental path of ELs.
Title I Section 1116
(1) IN GENERAL.—A local educational agency may receive funds under this part only if such agency conducts outreach to all parents and family members and implements programs, activities, and procedures for the involvement of parents and family members in programs assisted under this part consistent with this section. Such programs, activities, and procedures shall be planned and implemented with meaningful consultation with parents of participating children.
Takeaway: When it comes to family engagement, actual two way communication and feedback is required. Educators who can build meaningful relationships with families need support.
Title II Section 2221 Subgrant Part 2
(b) DEFINITIONS.—In this subpart: (1) COMPREHENSIVE LITERACY INSTRUCTION.—The term ‘‘comprehensive literacy instruction’’ means instruction that— …(D) makes available and uses diverse, high-quality print materials that reflect the reading and development levels, and interests, of children; (E) uses differentiated instructional approaches, including individual and small group instruction and discussion; (K) depends on teachers’ collaboration in planning, instruction, and assessing a child’s progress and on continuous professional learning;
Takeaway: Title II, traditionally legislation that focused on the professional development and expectations of gen ed and content teachers, is now more explicit in mentioning the importance of differentiation. Comprehensive Literacy Instruction is critical in Title II and has its own funding category.
Title II Section 2222
(1) provide subgrants to eligible entities serving a diversity of geographic areas, giving priority to entities serving greater numbers or percentages of children from low-income families; and (2) develop or enhance comprehensive literacy instruction plans that ensure high-quality instruction and effective strategies in reading and writing for children from early childhood education through grade 12, including English learners and children with disabilities.
Takeaway: By being more inclusive in mentioning ELs regarding expectations of teacher development and responsibility, ELs become a priority for all teachers. ELs are mentioned here as part of the Comprehensive Literacy Instruction push.
Title II Section 2224
(c) LOCAL USES OF FUNDS FOR KINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE 5.
(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive literacy instruction plan across content areas for such children that— (A) serves the needs of all children, including children with disabilities and English learners, especially children who are reading or writing below grade level; (B) provides intensive, supplemental, accelerated, and explicit intervention and support in reading and writing for children whose literacy skills are below grade level; …(2) Providing high-quality professional development opportunities for teachers, literacy coaches, literacy specialists, English as a second language specialists (as appropriate), principals, other school leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, school librarians, paraprofessionals, and other program staff…
Takeaway: To receive funds, the state accountability plans must demonstrate how all staff, not only teachers, but also school leaders, principals, coaches can identify and deliver appropriate instruction for ELs. For example, as part of the Title II’s push for comprehensive literacy instruction, we see explicit mention of ELs and a strong congressional intent to prepare all educators for ELs. This means every teacher and school leader should feel responsible in their practice to ensure the success of ELs.
Q&A with Dr. Rashne Jehangir
Read our full Q&A with Rashne Jehangir here on Strengths-based learning.
Interview with Cynthia, a 12 year old EL from Syria
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Voices from EL: Q & A With Bridhya Battarai
See our interview with high school senior and EL Bridhya Battarai from Washington Tech High School in St. Paul Minnesota.
Click here to read
Guest Blog: A Content Teacher’s Tips
We asked one of our content teacher users about her thoughts on teaching ELLs. We know teachers are busy and often live in the moment. Read her thoughts on better understanding her students.
By: 6th grade English Language Arts Teacher, Mrs. Jennifer Chomer
The support you are looking for may or may not ever be provided by your school district and/or administrators. You may want or even need an extra hand in the classroom, time to meet with the ELL teacher, attend a conference or two…but the support just isn’t coming. Try to remember this…keep the E-L-L in your mind.
“E” stands for EVERYONE feels out of place at some point in their life. It feels as though everyone is “getting it” but you. Everyone knows everyone…but you feel like you are the stranger. Everyone knows the routine but it is new to you and you simply cannot get the hang of it. Just remember that for those students who are considered ELL’s…they feel this way throughout their entire school day. EVERYONE can empathize…EVERYONE can make someone else feel at ease. You just need to be that person. Smile, use a calm voice, don’t worry if they didn’t do the homework, don’t seem to understand…don’t look at you when you are teaching. Believe me…they are trying, they are hearing you and they are learning.
“L” stands for listen. Not just to their voice/tone but to their body language. Notice when they are nervous, upset, happy, etc. They are students who want to be noticed, just like anyone else in your class. Listen to what they seem to be saying to you and to others in your class. Most times, ELL students just want to listen to you…listen to how you treat others (which can be noticed by not just knowing the language…but by your tone of your voice.) Pay attention and LISTEN to what they seem to be thinking or feeling. Often times a smile, a glance their way…or some form of appreciation from you to them can go a long way.
“L” Learn….learn from them! Yes, it is true they are in your class to learn…but what an opportunity it is for the class and you to learn from them. Find out how they learned your subject matter in their country. Is it different? Do they recognize technology you are using? Strategies, etc. Learn from them and allow them the chance to show others. We can learn a lot from others…if we just put aside a few minutes during our lessons to ALL learn.
Sometimes the best support in a classroom is the support we give to each other!